The arterial hypertension is a serious condition that can lead to coronary artery disease, heart failure, stroke and kidney failure, among other health problems. Today we speak of the main symptoms and complications of hypertension.
Blood pressure values
The values of the blood pressure is measured as systolic pressure he is referring to blood pressure when the heart beats while pumping blood-and He refers to arterial diastolic pressure when the heart is resting.
Health————– Systolic pressure Diastolic pressure
Normal blood pressure Less than 120 Less than 80
Pre hypertension 120-139 80-89
Stage 1 Hypertension 140-159 90-99
Hypertension Stage 2 160 or more 100 or more
Symptoms of hypertension
Regarding the symptoms of hypertension, we remind that such patients do not show marked signs, anything that can appear headaches sometimes, but the disease can damage the heart, blood vessels, kidneys and other body parts. Therefore it is important to know your blood pressure values, even if you feel well.
Complications of Hypertension
With regard to complications of hypertension, when the latter remains high can damage the body and cause:
– Training of aneurysms in blood vessels, which is an abnormal bulge in the wall of an artery, for example, in the main artery that carries blood from the heart to the body. The arteries in the brain, legs, intestines and the artery leading to the spleen.
– The heart can be made larger or weaker, which can lead to heart failure and heart can not pump enough blood to meet the body’s needs. This is a very serious problem caused by high blood pressure.
– The arteries of the body can be reduced in some places, limiting blood flow to the heart, brain, kidneys and legs, which can lead to suffer a heart attack, stroke, kidney failure or amputation of leg.
– The blood vessels of the kidneys can be reduced, which can cause kidney failure and blood vessels in the eyes may bleed even explode, which may lead to changes in vision or blindness.