If you go to the doctor visit, sure you measure blood pressure and, according to the results, tells you if you have any problems, you should consume a drug or a diet, for example. Many people have a blood pressure (pressure measuring device) at home. While it is necessary, sometimes we do not know what each value offered by the display means.
High blood pressure and its consequences
By paying attention to your blood pressure and heart rate you do some kind of tracking your health and can determine whether a food, a drug or a particular situation make you increase or decrease levels. Doctors advise patients to lead a kind notebook or notepad with measurements taken daily or every few days to detect any anomalies or heart problem.
Hypertension or high blood pressure is a condition that should not be taken lightly. It occurs when the blood has to do more force than normal to be transported through the arteries and the heart. When this muscle beats, it pushes blood throughout the body.
If the fluid has to work more to meet this objective, then, it is said that there is high pressure. Generally, situations of stress, exercise and getting up in the morning are the most critical for the pressure moments. However, if it is normal for the pressure to rise in certain periods of the day, when held in time it is necessary to consult with your doctor.
While hypertension affects adults of any age, it is more common in those over 65 and overweight. These people have more risk of suffering a heart attack, stroke or heart or kidney failure.
How to measure blood pressure at home
One of the common mistakes we make when we have a blood pressure monitor at home is take the pressure all the time. It is not advisable to do more than twice a week or as often indicates the specialist.
There are different devices for measuring pressure, some newer and older ones. The former have digital display and the second, a clock to mark the pressure. New sphygmomanometers are simpler than the analogous (to call one way), because they indicate a specific value, as is the case with watches.
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In fact, we feature three types of pressure measuring devices:
- Automatic: The cuff is placed on the upper arm (above the elbow) and the device turns on. It will inflate by itself, and when the pressure is detected, it was also deflate on their own. It will show the measurement on a screen.
- Semiautomatic: The cuff should be inflated by the patient or someone to help (is always placed in the same place). Once you get to the specific point, the device may beep to warn. Turning the knob of the pump, the air is removed. The pressure measurement appears on the screen.
- Manuals: They are formed by a bracelet, a pumper and a clock. Some doctors use this system because they trust him more. The kit also includes a stethoscope. The cuff is inflated, the beats are heard heart and the sound of blood flowing through the artery and the clock is responsible for displaying the systolic and diastolic pressure.
If you want, you can also measure yourself pulse without the need for special equipment. Only a precise analog clock or timer. Sit in a quiet room of the house or work, where there is nothing to distract you or too much noise. After 10 minutes of rest and slow breathing, measures the pulse by placing the index and on the inside of the opposite wrist finger. Count the beats you feel in a span of 30 seconds (paying attention to the clock or timer).
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The number of beats is multiplied by two to have the value of a minute. The normal value is between 60 and 100 beats every 60 seconds. If you have more, it is considered high blood pressure or tachycardia and unless that value is hypotension or low pressure. You should pay attention and go to the consultation with the doctor in both cases. This method is not entirely safe and reliable because sometimes beats not hear well or can count incorrectly. Although, to an approximation, is accepted.
What the numbers mean blood pressure monitor? Measuring blood pressure consists of two parts. The top number on the device screen is the systolic pressure and the bottom number is the diastolic pressure. Consider the difference between the two:
- Systolic pressure: Occurs when the heart pumps blood through the arteries.
- Diastolic pressure: Is that occurs between each heartbeat, so it is the lowest value of the two.
Normal blood pressure is 120/80 or less. This means 120 systolic and 80 diastolic pressures. If the numbers are much lower than this, it is that the patient has low pressure. When the value between 120/80 and 139/89 indicated means that is higher than normal (pre-hypertension). When the pressure is 140/90 or more it is because it suffers from high blood pressure.