What is rhabdomyolysis? Causes, symptoms and treatments
Rhabdomyolysis is a condition of stress related to exercise and extreme effort. So it occurs and thus is treated and prevented.
It is possible you have seen lately in the news several cases of rhabdomyolysis effort, all related to the use of overall muscle electrostimulation as a training method. The last two cases appeared, both in the province, have led people who have suffered at the hospital.
The rhabdomyolysis effort is a pathology related to the sport that can have serious consequences, however, is easily preventable.
What is rhabdomyolysis and what causes it?
Rhabdomyolysis effort is related to extreme stresses to which we subject our bodies that carry important muscle tears. Whenever we train micro – breakages occur in the fibers of our muscles, to repair itself through rest and adequate food, produce muscle growth. But when an extreme effort is made (such as is done marathoners) may much more severe muscle rupture, and we are not always aware of it.
When a muscle undergoes these major muscle tears, blood it liberates some of the compounds found therein, including potassium, magnesium and phosphate. It is also released into the blood very iron rich compound called myoglobin, which must be filtered by the kidneys.
In the case of a large release of myoglobin in the blood and the kidneys cannot cope with the task, you may be triggered from there for a renal failure which can lead to multiple organ failure if left untreated you can have disastrous results.
The fact of making an extreme effort in training can be the trigger for rhabdomyolysis: why it is so important that we always put in the hands of professionals when performing physical activity. We must bear in mind also that an “extreme effort” is not the same for everyone: you may run a marathon, despite being an activity with a large volume of effort is not perceived well by a well – trained person. While for a sedentary individual, a session of one hour of exercise at too high levels can lead to significant muscle tears.
You may also like to read another article on MenHealthCare: Exercise and its relationship with our night’s rest
What are the symptoms of rhabdomyolysis and treatments?
Symptoms of rhabdomyolysis are very similar to those of shoelaces, although there are some hallmarks of this disease. Very often, it suffers from stiffness and muscle pain, cramps, bloating, joint pain or fatigue, as we acknowledge after a workout to use.However, rhabdomyolysis can also cause vomiting or nausea, convulsions and fever, and one of the signs that can help us to better recognize it is very dark in our colored urine.
The most important thing is that we turn to a medical center where, after some tests, can confirm whether or not it is a case of rhabdomyolysis effort. If so, the patient is treated by removing as quickly as possible myoglobin your bloodstream, providing plenty of fluids with electrolytes intravenously and taking diuretic medications to help the evacuation. If necessary you can also manage vital to help the kidneys to perform their function support. The most important thing in these cases is the detection and early treatment.
Prevention of rhabdomyolysis
Rhabdomyolysis stress is a very serious condition that can prevent easily. The progressive and indications led by professional training are the best strategies to prevent rhabdomyolysis, avoiding exposing ourselves to extreme or for those who are not prepared workouts.
Another key is to keep us safe care for our hydration before, during and after training .One of the causes of rhabdomyolysis the body is exposed to extreme temperatures, such as those that can reach the human body to train with very hot (in the summer months in the middle of the day, for example). Training the hydration help our body termorregularse, avoiding reach high temperatures and keeping cool through sweating.
Other causes of rhabdomyolysis
We talked about rhabdomyolysis effort, but there are other types of rhabdomyolysis with other causes, although similar symptoms and treatments. Rhabdomyolysis can result from muscle injuries because of which the muscle is broken and myoglobin is released into the bloodstream: crush injuries or burns can be causes of this disease.
The overdose of drugs (statins) or toxic substances such as cocaine, amphetamines or alcohol can also trigger severe muscle damage that lead to episodes of rhabdomyolysis.