Stroke is a disease in which a sudden lesion of the brain area due to circulatory disorders. Stroke is also called “acute violation of cerebral circulation,” that is, a stroke. In the article we will consider the main risk factors for stroke, signs and symptoms of the onset.
Risk factors and signs of a stroke
- Age over 50 years. If in the age group of 45-54 years the stroke occurs annually only in one out of a thousand, then at the age of 65-74 – already in one of a hundred people. Stroke develops in one of four men and one in five women, if they reach 80 years of age.
- Ischemic heart disease (CHD), strokes and atherosclerosis of peripheral arteries in relatives under the age of 60 years.
- Arterial hypertension (AH). Any increase in blood pressure (both systolic and diastolic) above the optimal 110-120 / 70-80 is considered a prerequisite for the development of a stroke. If the diastolic (lower) reaches a mark of 100 mm Hg. and higher, the risk of stroke is 5%.
- Elevated serum cholesterol (optimal risk of stroke with serum levels greater than 5.5 mmol / l).
- Bad habits: smoking, alcohol, strong coffee and tea.
- The risk of developing a stroke with a carotid artery narrowing of about 60% is 2%.
- Paroxysmal or permanent form of atrial fibrillation.
- Reception of oral contraceptives, especially in combination with smoking. Hormone replacement therapy with combined preparations containing estrogens and progesterone also increases the risk of stroke in healthy postmenopausal women.
- Depression in the anamnesis.
- Valvular heart disease, primarily aortic stenosis, mitral valve prolapse.
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If you combine risk factors, the likelihood of developing a stroke increases exponentially. For example, if you have 1-2 risk factors from all of the above, then the risk of stroke is 6%, and if 3 factors are already 19% and so on.
So you can test yourself by reading these lines.
10 Steps from a Stroke or Prevention
Those who have tested themselves and are at risk, I recommend doing so-called 10 steps from a stroke.
- Do ultrasound of the neck vessels feeding the brain (UZDG), conduct an ECG, consult a cardiologist.
- Maintain blood pressure values not more than 140/90.
- Control the blood sugar level.
- Strive for your ideal weight.
- Observe a low-calorie diet.
- Control the cholesterol level in the blood.
- Move more, do gymnastics, do not forget to walk more.
- Quit smoking.
- Do not abuse alcohol.
- Take regular anti-aggregate and nootropic medications recommended by your doctor.
Symptoms of a stroke
Unfortunately, it often turns out that patients are too late to seek medical help. For example, many think that if in the morning they feel a numbness of the limbs, then they are lying in a dream lying arm or leg, and do not know that these symptoms can indicate a stroke.
But if you take timely measures, you can avoid the terrible consequences of the disease. Therefore, I advise you to get acquainted with the precursors of this disease and learn how to provide first aid for strokes.
- Sudden numbness or weakness of the muscles of the arms, legs, face (especially on one side).
- Sudden speech disturbance.
- Abruptly arisen dizziness.
- Sudden visual impairment of one or both eyes (turbidity, doubling, or total loss).
- Sudden severe headache for unknown reason.
- Violation of coordination of movements.
- Confusion of consciousness.
The sooner medical care is provided, and especially the first 3 hours (they are considered the most valuable and called the therapeutic window) are especially important, the rehabilitation after a stroke, the restoration of motor, sensory and speech disorders will be much faster in the post insult period.