Heart failure – or heart failure – is complex alteration in the normal functioning of the heart muscle following which the heart is no longer able to meet the body’s needs. As a result, the cardiovascular system adopts the resistance mechanisms to deal with failure and, if that is not enough, it results in a chronic heart failure, a condition that affects 1-2% of the population – especially the elderly – and remains highly dangerous despite the many advances in heart surgery.
Heart failure is the result of a variety of disorders that, over time, affecting the activity of the heart in a completely asymptomatic. The main causes of heart failure are…
- Malfunctioning heart valve
- Previous heart attacks
- Congenital heart disease
- Coronary diseases
The symptoms of heart failure occur at an advanced stage of the disease, when the heart has already been compromised by the risk factors…
- Difficulty breathing.
- Water retention in the lungs and limbs resulting in swelling.
- Decrease in daytime and increase the night-time urination.
- Memory loss.
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The heart failure treatment depends on the severity of the disease. In a first stage, the doctor prescribes the drugs useful to improve blood circulation, remove excess fluid, preventing arrhythmia and blood clots. At this, it associates the indication of new habits in order to improve the drops of life:
- Limit your salt intake to prevent fluid retention and high blood pressure.
- Regularly check your weight because a sudden increase in weight could indicate an accumulation of fluid.
- Measure blood pressure.
- Avoid smoking and alcohol or reset.
- Perform a constant physical activity, even moderate.
In case of severe heart failure, the solution is surgical. In this case, the doctor heart surgeon assesses whether replace defective heart valve or proceed with a heart transplant.